The Legendary Trade Unionist of Ireland
James was born in Liverpool, England on 29th January 1876.He was born to Irish parents in a slum in Liverpool. Due to his limited formal education, James worked as a manual laborer and engaged in other handy jobs to assist his family financially. Learn more about Jim Larkin: http://spartacus-educational.com/IRElarkin.htm
In 1903 James Larkin married Elizabeth Brown with whom he had four sons. James finally became a foreman at the Liverpool docks. Larkin was a committed socialist who believed in fair treatment of all workers. Owing to his strong conviction about treating employees fairly, he became a member of the National Union of Dock Laborers. In 1905 James Larkin became fully pledged in organizing trade unions.
Two years after joining the NUDL James was moved to Dublin by his trade union .This resulted from his radical strike methods. Upon his transfer, James formed the Irish Transport and General Workers Union whose main objective was to amalgamate all Irish workers, skilled, unskilled and industrial workers.
The party also vouched for a pension for workers above 60 years, nationalization of all means of transport,8 hours legal working hours, the creation of employment opportunities for all among other sensitive worker issues.
ITGWU was the pioneer of all other trade unions in England. In the year 1912, there was` the Great Labor Unrest’ to which James responded very well and led the establishment of the Labor Party by the congress.
The number of trade union members also increased from 5000 to 15000.In 1913thre was the Dublin Lockout which won workers the right to fair employment. This made James more famous as an activist. Read more: Jim Larkin – Biography
On the onset of World War 1, James conducted anti war campaigns to prevent the participation of Irish people in international war.
James Larkin also traveled to the US to raise funds to help in waging war against the British. From his activities, he was convicted for communism and criminal anarchy. On the other hand, James received recognition from Communist International in 1924.
As an activist even in his later years, James Larkin faced many challenges like being deported to England from America, separation with his wife among others. He is remembered as a legend Trade Unionist even after his death on 30th January 1947.